native trees, shrubs & vines

This list of plants is provided to help you plan.
Plants must be purchased at the nursery.

Abies balsamea 
Balsam Fir
  (tree)  $22.99/$39.99
Light: part sun to sun
Size: 12-60’ tall, 12-18’ wide
Culture and Notes: Familiar to most as the common Christmas tree, this fragrant, relatively fast-growing, narrowly pyramidal tree prefers cool, moist, acidic soil. Lighter new growth contrasts nicely with older evergreen needles. Evergreens provide essential wildlife shelter from harsh winter weather. Makes an excellent year round “fence” or privacy screen.  Endangered in Connecticut.

Acer pensylvanicum

Striped Maple 
(tree)  $22.99/$39.99
Light: part shade to shade
Size: 15-20’ tall, 7-10’ wide
Blooms: spring
Color: greenish-yellow
Culture and Notes: Comfortable in the shady understory of moist, acidic woods with serpentine-like bark in shades of green, black and white. Large three-lobed leaves turn a luminous yellow in autumn and glow like lanterns scattered in the woods. Needs cool, moist soil and only morning or afternoon sun.

Acer rubrum
Red Maple
(tree)  $12.99/$24.99
Light: sun – part shade
Size: 40 – 70’ tall, 35 – 50’ wide
Blooms: Spring
Color: red or orange
One of the most abundant and widespread trees found in Eastern North America. It prefers moist acidic soils and will tolerate occasional flooding. A beautiful tree that provides shade in landscape and offers wonderful red or yellow foliage in the fall.

Acer saccharinum
ilver Maple  (tree)  $15.99/$39.99
Light: sun to part shade
Size: 70’ or more tall
Blooms: spring
Color: yellow-green
Culture and Notes: An excellent native choice when a fast-growing shade tree is desired. A rounded crown with gracefully swooping branches tops shaggy, silver bark, which will split to reveal a handsome orange inner bark. Larval host to the Cecropia Moth. Adaptable to flooding, drought and a wide variety of soils.

Acer saccharum

Sugar Maple 
(tree)  $24.99/$39.99
Light: sun to part shade
Size: 50-100’ tall, 35-50’ wide
Blooms: May, fruits in early summer
Color: yellow-green flowers, wind-pollinated fruit is pale green and winged
Culture and Notes: One of the more rapidly growing maples, it’s native to floodplains and damp soils. However, it will readily adapt to drier conditions. One of the host plants for the caterpillars of the spectacular Cecropia moth. The early swelling buds are important fare for starving squirrels in spring.

Amelanchier canadensis

(small tree)  $24.99/$39.99
Light: sun to part shade
Size: 10-20’ height, 5-10’ width
Blooms: early spring, fruits early summer
Color: white, purple fruit
Culture and Notes: This small woodland understory tree is a flush of white flowers in early spring. Purple berries in early summer taste of pears. They are among the tastiest wild berries and a welcome sight to nesting birds feeding their young. Tolerant of many soils and light conditions. With gorgeous spring flowers and edible fruits, shadbush works well in mixed borders where height is desired.

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Kinnickinnick, Bearberry 
(small shrub)  $14.99/$19.99
Light: sun
Size: 2-6” tall, 2-4’ wide
Blooms: spring flowers, followed by fruit
Color: pink flowers, red fruit
Culture and Notes: A woody groundcover thriving in nutrient-poor sandy soil. Early spring flowers provide nectar for hungry, waking bees and bright red fall fruits are a food source for small mammals. Trailing stems will form dense carpets of small glossy green leaves in summer that turn bronzy-red in winter. Water in periods of drought until established and do not move, as it is tap rooted and will not survive.

Aronia arbutifolia
Red Chokeberry
(shrub)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 3-8’ tall, 3-6’ wide
Blooms: spring, late summer fruits
Color: white with dark red fruit
Culture and Notes: This quickly became the easiest shrub to care for in the nursery. Never suffering from drought or blights of any kind, it produces heavy clusters of shining red berries at the same time that the foliage calls out to passing birds in shades of brilliant crimson. Its burgundy fall foliage makes the red chokeberry a great alternative to the invasive burning bush.

Aronia melanocarpa
Black Chokeberry
(shrub)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 3-8’ tall, 3-6’ wide
Blooms: spring
Color: white flowers, blue-black fruit in fall
Culture and Notes: A very adaptable, easy-care shrub with dark purple-black berry clusters that persist into winter, providing high-energy food when nature’s pantry is bare. White flowers in spring and deep burgundy fall foliage make the black chokeberry a beautiful addition to any garden.

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw (tree) 
Light: part shade to sun
Size: 20-40’ tall
Blooms: spring
Color: dusky purple
Culture and Notes: In spring, the pendant purple flowers are pollinated by beetles and flies. By autumn, plump yellow-brown fruits bend the branches, their soft pulp tasting of banana. Fruit production is greatly improved by planting more than one. Happiest in moist soil. Larval host to the Zebra Swallowtail and Pawpaw Sphinx caterpillars. Threatened in New York.

Betula alleghaniensis

Yellow Birch
(tree)  $29.99/$39.99
Light: shade to sun
Size: 60-80’ tall, 10-25’ wide
Blooms: spring
Color: yellow flowers
Culture and Notes: A fairly shade-tolerant tree with bronzy-gold bark that peels off in sheets. Longer-lived than most birches, it can grow into an impressive old specimen in the company of maple and beech trees. Prefers moist, slightly acidic, cool soil.

Betula lenta

Sweet Birch or Black Birch
(tree)  $39.99/$59.99
Light: shade to sun
Size: 40-60’ tall, 10-25’ wide
Blooms: spring
Color: yellow-brown
Culture and Notes: This tree's high concentrations of wintergreen oil are used to make birch beer. Chewing a twig while hiking is a delicious, refreshing experience. Fall color is a glowing shade of brilliant yellow. Sweet birch is an important member of eastern hardwood forests and prefers moist, slightly acidic, cool soil.

Betula nigra

River Birch
(tree)  $39.99/$49.99
Native to central Massachusetts.
Light: light shade to sun
Size: 60-80’ tall, 15-25’ wide
Blooms: yellow blossoms in late spring
Culture and Notes: A beautiful, heat-tolerant birch commonly used in landscaping for its pinkish, or orange-red, exfoliating bark that curls off in papery sheets. Like all birches, river birch is an important host plant for many showy native butterflies, insects and moths. Threatened in New Hampshire.

Campsis radicans

Trumpet Creeper
(vine)  $12.99/$19.99
Native to central Massachusetts.
Light: sun
Size: to 35’
Blooms: orange-red flowers in summer
Culture and Notes: Beloved by hummingbirds and long-tongued moths for its clusters of fiery orange-red flowers. Exuberant vine clambers over fences, scrambles down banks and creeps through lawns. Prefers a near neutral pH, although it will thrive in almost any soil. Cut back in early spring to restrain growth and encourage blooms.


Carpinus caroliniana

(small tree)  $29.99/$39.99
Light: part shade to shade
Size: 15-20’ tall, 12-18’ wide
Blooms: green blooms in late spring
Culture and Notes: This floodplain tree has a smooth, sinewy, blue-gray bark laced with striations of a deeper hue. Yellow fall color blends with orange, scarlet, and maroon to make this a beauty for a woodland edge planting. Prefers moist soil. A great host plant for butterflies. Provides food and shelter for birds and mammals.

Ceanothus americanus

New Jersey Tea
(small shrub)  $14.99/$19.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 2-3’ tall, 2-3’ wide
Blooms: summer
Color: creamy white
Culture and Notes: This is a tough little shrub that, for some reason, is getting harder to find in its native habitat.  It not only prefers, but needs, poor, nitrogen-deficient, well-drained soil. Put it in your roughest garden situation and wait for this small native shrub’s fragrant blooms.

Celtis occidentalis
(tree)  $14.99/$19.99                                    
Light: sun to part shade
Size: 30-60’ tall
Blooms: spring
Color: orange to purplish fruit
Culture and Notes:  This distinctive tree, with its unusual corky bark, is a rapid grower that tolerates a wide range of soils and conditions. Its small fruit is consumed by birds and mammals. In addition, hackberry is the larval  host for the Hackberry Emperor and several other butterflies.

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Button Bush
(shrub)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 3-8’ tall, 3-6’ wide
Blooms: summer
Color: creamy white
Culture and Notes: We know spring has arrived when the late-flushing button bush unfolds its mass of dark green glossy leaves. Distinctive in form, its fragrant ivory flowers are 1½-inch globes of divine nectar, attracting countless butterflies. A natural to stream banks and pond shores. Will move into a moist garden situation where it can be pruned to a single or multi-stemmed form and underplanted for a striking display. Prune dead wood and fertilize in spring.

Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud
(tree)  $29.99/$49.99
Light: sun – partial shade
Size: 15 – 30’ tall, 15 – 20’ wide
Blooms: Early Spring
Color: Pink
A short-trunked tree with a rounded crown and spreading branches. A showy Spring bloomer offering light-to-dark-pink flowers before new leaves emerge.

Photo courtesy of Nelson DeBarros, hosted by USDA-NCRS Database.

Clematis virginiana
Wild Clematis
(vine)  $12.99/$19.99
Light: part sun to sun
Size: 10’ tall
Blooms: July-August
Color: white
Culture and Notes: Fragrant white flowers in July give way to airy seed pods in late September. Will self-seed in the right conditions. Does well in both average and rich garden soil. Grow on a trellis or let it sprawl freely over nearby plants.

Clethra alnifolia

(shrub)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 4-9’ tall, 4-12’ wide
Blooms: summer
Color: ivory
Culture and Notes: Clethra’s easy care and tolerant nature adapts anywhere but the most droughty of gardens. Fragrant creamy white blooms are nectar decadent, attracting butterflies and pollinators in what is usually a midsummer blooming lull. Fragrant blooms and glossy, deep green foliage make this an excellent landscaping shrub or hedgerow. Prefers moist to wet soil.

Comptonia peregrina
Sweet Fern
(shrub)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 4’ tall, 4’ wide
Blooms: spring
Color: yellow-green catkins
Culture and Notes: If dry, sandy, rocky, infertile, acidic soil sounds familiar to you; do not give up hope. This amazingly attractive, mid-to-low-growing shrub will colonize even the poorest of soils. Deep-green leathery leaves have a fern-like appearance, and produce long, hanging yellow-green catkins in mid-spring. No pruning necessary; in fact, is resented.

Cornus alternifolia
Pagoda Dogwood (tree)  $29.99/$39.99

Light: part shade to shade
Size: 15-25’ tall, 6-15’ wide
Blooms: late May to early June, fruits midsummer
Color: white flowers, blue-black fruit
Culture and Notes: Best in partial shade and slightly acidic soil. The architectural layering of its branches gives this native its common name. Fragrant flat clusters of small white flowers are humming with hungry insects, while the fruit is relished by birds.

Cornus amomum

Silky Dogwood
(shrub)  $19.99/$29.99                             
Light: light shade to sun
Size: 3-10’ tall, 6-15’ wide
Blooms: spring
Color: creamy white flowers, blue berries in summer
Culture and Notes:  Prefers moist to wet soil, fruit matures to cobalt blue, in late summer pinkish bark curls off.  The silky dogwood is great for naturalized situations and wildlife.



Cornus florida

Flowering Dogwood 
(small tree)  $29.99/$39.99
Light: sun to partial shade
Size: 12-20’ tall, 8-15’ wide
Blooms: spring, fall fruit
Color: ivory streaked with maroon, red fruit
Culture and Notes: This small horizontally branching tree is one of our most beautiful native species. In spring, tiny flower clusters, surrounded by four ivory bracts, unfold before the leaves emerge. Clusters of crimson berries at branching tips are advertised to hungry birds with red, orange, and purple fall foliage. More sun means more berries, but also means the need for richer soil with consistent moisture. Threatened in Vermont; vulnerable in New York.

Cornus racemosa
Gray Dogwood 
(shrub)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to light shade
Size: 6-8’ tall, 6-8’ wide
Blooms: spring, white berries in fall
Color: white or ivory
Culture and Notes: An incredibly adaptable shrub with high wildlife food and habitat significance. White berries on red pedicels are relished by birds and its thicket-forming habit provides valuable cover and nesting sites. Damp to relatively dry soil is okay.

Cornus sericea

Red Osier Dogwood
(shrub)  $19.99/$39.99 
Light: sun, part shade, light shade
Size: 5-15’ tall, 5-10’ wide
Blooms: May/June; fruits in August
Color: white flowers, white to pale blue fruit
Culture and Notes: Golden-green stems and creamy white umbels of flowers give way to prolific blue-white summer fruit relished by many birds. Stems create a dramatic display of burning red in winter, returning to green again in spring. Excellent for winter landscapes, its suckering habit also makes it very useful for soil stabilization. Red winter color is on young stems, so the oldest growth should be removed in early spring every few years.

Corylus americana

American Hazelnut
(shrub)  $29.99/$39.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 8-12’ tall, 8-12’ wide
Blooms: catkins in early spring; nuts in late summer
Culture and Notes: We are really pleased to be offering American hazelnut since it is disappearing from its native habitat due to competition from invasive shrubs like Japanese honeysuckle and barberry. Hazelnut is a suckering, thicket-forming shrub with early spring catkins, broadly oval four-inch leaves and late summer hazelnuts which ripen in ruffled light green papery husks. A natural to woodland edges or understory, hazelnut can tolerate moist to dry, sandy soil. Low tolerance for salt.

Diervilla lonicera
Bush Honeysuckle
 (shrub)  $14.99/$29.99
Light: part shade to shade
Height: 2-3'
Bloom: June
Color: soft yellow
Excellent for dry, shady spots that are so tough to landscape. Although unassuming, you'll quickly appreciate its quiet, steadfast character. Backdrop and companion for asters, ferns, and more. In late spring, tubular blooms of soft yellow at branch tips. Spreads slowly by suckers.

Photo courtesy of Nelson DeBarros, hosted by USDA-NCRS Database.

Diospyros virginiana
Common Persimmon
 (tree)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: part shade to shade
Size: 40'
Blooms: Spring 
Color: Chartreuse
The fleshy roots of this understory tree can spread to form a small colony in moist to dry soil, while its gently pendulous bear the oval, tart fruit used for jams. Male and female flowers are on separate plants so at least two plants are required for fruit. Threatened in New York.

Gaultheria procumbens
(woody groundcover)  $12.99/$19.99
Light: shade
Size: 3-6”
Blooms: summer
Color: white, pink-tinged, or red berries
Culture and Notes: Ideal soil is dry, well-drained and acidic. Moist soil is okay. Will make a loose carpet over time. Edible berries are minty sweet.


Gaylussacia baccata

Black Huckleberry
(small shrub)  $12.99/$29.99
Light: part shade to sun
Size: 1-3’
Bloom: June flowers, August fruit
Color: white flowers, purple-black fruit
Culture and Notes: The sweet, juicy fruit of these hardy little shrubs is great for eating out of hand, or for jams and pies. Will tolerate shade as a shrubby groundcover, but will bear more fruit with some sun. Fruit also enjoyed by birds and small mammals. Prefers acidic soil.

Photo courtesy of Nelson DeBarros, hosted by USDA-NCRS Database.

Hamamelis virginiana

Witch Hazel
  (small tree)  $20.99/$39.99
Light: part sun to shade
Size: 10-20’ tall, 8-15’ wide
Blooms: October-November
Color: golden yellow
Culture and Notes: Ideal soil is rich and moderately moist but will tolerate a variety of conditions. Spectacular yellow fall foliage and fragrant blooms.

Hypericum prolificum
Shrubby St. John's Wort (shrub) $12.99/$29.99

Light: Part shade to shade

Size: 1-3'

Blooms: Summer

Color: Yellow 

Shrubby St. Johnswort is a very small, mound-shaped, deciduous shrub, to 3 ft. tall, with dense, upright branching and exfoliating, red to purple bark. Smooth, dark to blue-green, fine textured foliage becomes yellow-green or in few-flowered clusters. A dry three-valved seed capsule persists all winter. 

Ilex verticillata

Winterberry Holly 
(shrub)  $29.99/$49.99

Light: sun to part shade
Size: 6-10’ tall, 6-10’ wide
Blooms: white flowers
Color: Bright red berries are produced only by the females (make sure a male is close by for pollination). May fruit from October to March. 
Culture and Notes: Ideal soil is wet and acidic, but will tolerate moist soil.  Berries create a nice display in the fall and winter. Vulnerable in New York.

 Juniperus virginiana

Eastern Red Cedar
(small tree)  $29.99/$39.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 15-35’ tall, 3-12’ wide
Blooms: spring, fruit in fall to winter
Color: yellow with blue berries
Culture and Notes: Fall has become our favorite time to watch these beautiful trees turn from silvery blue-green to shades of lavender to the deep burnt umber from which they got their name. Red cedars prefer full sun, good air circulation, well-drained soil and are drought tolerant once established. Females produce a crop of blue berries which provide an excellent winter food source for wildlife. Both males and females provide essential shelter from winter’s icy blasts. Best not to plant near apple trees due to cedar-apple rust.


Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
(shrub)  $59.99/$79.99
Light: light shade
Size: 4-15’ tall, 4-8’ wide
Blooms: late spring or early summer
Color: pink buds, white or light pink flower
Culture and Notes: An adaptable evergreen shrub with early summer blooms that will captivate with shades of white and pale pink. Trunks become gnarled with age and cinnamon-brown bark peels off in strips. Prefers moist, well-drained acid soils, humid climates and part sun. Companion plant with wintergreen and ferns.

Larix laricina
(tree)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: Sun
Size: 50'-60' tall, 20'-30' wide
Blooms early spring 
Color: red, yellow 
A slender trunked tree, conical tree with bright green deciduous needles. The glossy needles are remarkably soft in early spring and turn a golden yellow in the fall. One of the host plants for caterpillars of the Cecropia moth.

Ledum groenlandicum
Labrador Tea
(small shrub)  $29.99/$39.99
Light: sun to part shade
Height: 1-2'
Bloom: May-June
Color: white
This little shrub is a good choice for damp to soggy spots, or in moist gardens, as long as the soil is somewhat acid and high in organic matter. Small, fragrant white flowers are culstered at the tips of the stems, waiting for pollinators. Leaves are evergreen, the edges rolled slightly underneath, and the lower surface densely covered with touchable reddish-tan fuzz. Its fragrant leaves were traditionally used to make tea.

Lindera benzoin

(shrub)  $24.99/$39.99
Light: part sun to shade
Size: 8-15’ tall, 6-15’ wide
Blooms: early spring
Color: bright yellow
Culture and Notes: One of the few truly shade tolerant shrubs, it prefers moist soil and adapts well to the garden. Fragrant yellow flowers give way to smooth, nodding green leaves that smell of cloves and anise when crushed. Luminous yellow fall color signals to migrating birds that the female spicebush will soon be covered in bright red berries. Berries are an excellent food source for numerous birds and the spicebush is the host plant for Spicebush Swallowtail butterflies. Requires at least one male shrub nearby for the female shrubs to produce fruit.

Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
(tree)  $29.99/$49.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 70-100’ tall, 30-60’ wide
Blooms: midsummer
Color: orange and lime green flowers
Culture and Notes: It’s worth planting a young tulip tree just for its great floral goblets of lime green and orange. Given some sun and moist, fertile soil, this tree forms a good sized sapling in a few years and over time becomes one of the tallest trees in our native landscape. Distinctive leaves turn golden yellow in autumn. A host plant for swallowtail butterflies, nectar source for hummingbirds and pollinators, and a seed buffet for numerous birds and squirrels.


Lonicera sempervirens
Coral Honeysuckle
(vine)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part shade
Size: 20’ tall, 8’ wide
Blooms: June-October
Color: coral red
Culture and Notes: A favorite of nectar-sipping hummingbirds, these trumpet-shaped clusters of coral red flowers will bloom all season in full sun or half-day shade. Provide a trellis or fence for support and water during periods of drought. Leaves of green with purple veins will persist late into fall.

Morella pensylvanica
Northern Bayberry
 (shrub)  $14.99/$19.99
Light: Sun to part shade
Size:5-10' tall, 5-10' wide
Blooms: early spring
Color: yellowish-green
A spreading, much branched shrub with glossy, fragrant gray-green leaves. Easily grown in average dry-medium, well-drained soil, but tolerates a wide range of growing conditions. The fruits are covered with an aromatic, waxy substance used to make candles and soaps. This fruit is attractive to birds.

Morus rubra
Red Mulberry
(tree)  $29.99/$39.99
Light: shade to sun
Size: 60’ tall
Blooms: spring
Color: chartreuse
Culture and Notes: Leaves of this low-branching tree are quite variable.  Produces fruit for beverages and cakes. In the wild, red mulberry is found in rich, moist floodplains. Grows well in moist soil. A larval host plant for mourning cloak butterflies. Provides food for fruit eating mammals and birds. Endangered in Massachusetts.

Myrica gale

Sweet Gale
(small shrub)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 2-5’ tall, 3-6’ wide
Blooms: spring
Color: green and yellow with black seeds forming cone-like clusters
Culture and Notes: Attractive dark gray-green leaves and dramatically curving trunks would not look out of place in a Japanese-style garden. Inconspicuous flowers become clusters of  black, seed-filled cones. Expedite growth and vigor by providing plenty of sun, water in periods of drought, and fertilize in the spring.  Ideal soil is moist and acidic. A perfect shrub for naturalizing near ponds.


Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper
(vine)  $14.99/$19.99
Light: sun to shade
Size: 30’ tall
Blooms:green-white flowers, blue-black fruit
Culture and Notes: An aggressive grower that will do well in almost any soil and prefers part sun. Five-fingered foliage and bright red fall color are perfect for climbing along fencing or hiding bare spots in the landscape.  Berries provide valuable winter food for over 35 varieties of birds. Gorgeous fall color.

Physocarpus opulifolius
(shrub)  $19.99/$39.99
Light: sun to shade
Size: 6-10'
Blooms: June
Color: white
An outstanding shrub that thrives in a wide variety of light, soil and moisture conditions, and it does so with beauty, exuberance and wildlife value. The species is hardier and more adaptable than its cultivars. Large, mounding form. If it gets in your way, just cut it back and it grows again. Clusters of white flowers followed by attractive seed heads.

Platanus occidentalis
American Sycamore
(tree)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun – part shade
Size: 75 – 100’
Blooms: spring
Color: red, yellow

A wide-canopied deciduous tree with a massive, usually single trunk. Native habitat is lowland areas, along rivers, streams, and flood plains. The bark of large old trunks exfoliates in irregular pieces, revealing a creamy white inner bark.

Populus deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood
(tree) $19.99/$39.99            
Light: sun to part shade
Size: up to 100' tall
Blooms: late March and early April
Color: yellow green 
This is a fast growing, hardwood, large canopied tree. Catkins appear before leaf emergence. Large leaves turn yellow in fall. Produces pendulous clusters of flowers without petals. Adapts to a variety off soils. Tolerates salt, pollutants and a wide pH range. Host for Mourning Cloak, Red-spotted Purple, Viceroy and Tiger Swallowtail butterflies. See and cottony nesting material to make it attractive to birds.

Prunus americana
American Plum 
(small tree)  $29.99/$39.99            
Light: sun to shade
Size: 30’
Blooms: spring
Color: white flowers, red-purple fruit
Culture and Notes: In spring, clusters of fragrant white flowers grace this multi-stemmed small tree before ripening into glossy red-purple fruit enjoyed by birds and mammals. Fruit can be used in jellies and preserves. Can spread to form a thicket, useful for controlling erosion and as nesting sites for birds. Special value to native bees, bumblebees, and honeybees. Favors moist, well-drained soil.

Prunus maritima
Beach Plum 
(shrub)  $29.99/$39.99
Native to coastal areas in eastern Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Hampshire.
Light: sun
Size: 4-6’
Blooms: June flowers, August fruit
Color: white flowers, purplish fruit
Culture and Notes: In late spring, a frothy tide of white covers coastal dunes--the beachplum is in bloom. By August, its wiry branches are laden with 1” fruit prized by cooks for jams and jellies, and by birds as nutritious meals. Highly salt tolerant, a good shrub for roadsides and walkways where there is good drainage.

Prunus serotina
Black Cherry
(tree)  $29.99/$39.99
Light: sun to part shade
Size: 40-60’ tall, 15-40’ wide
Blooms: late May - early June, fruits midsummer
Color: white flowers, reddish purple fruit
Culture and Notes: Truly a tree for the birds. When grown in full sun, assumes an oval shape with slightly drooping branches, while shade and competition narrow its outline. Fairly rapid grower. Drooping narrow panicles of white flowers ripen to red and purple fruit. Host for caterpillars of the Cecropia Moth and other species.

Quercus alba

White Oak
(tree)  $29.99/$39.99
Light: sun to part shade
Size: 80-100’ tall, 50-90’ wide
Blooms: flowers in May, acorns in the fall
Color: pale yellow-green flowers, brown fruit
Culture and Notes: This most majestic of trees is planted with the future in mind. In sun, it will spread as wide as it is tall, providing delightful shade and a sense of stability. One of the best all around trees for wildlife.

Rhododendron canadense
(small shrub)  $39.99/$59.99
Light: sun – part sun
Size: 3-4’
Blooms: spring
Color: pink, purple
A small shrub that has oval shaped and distinctly gray-green foliage. It has very showy flowers that generally bloom before the leaves emerge. Prefers moist to wet, cool acidic soils.

Rhododendron maximum

Rosebay Rhododendron
(shrub)  $59.99/$79.99
Light: part sun to shade
Size: 6-10’ tall, 4-10’ wide
Blooms: early summer
Color: white to soft pink
Culture and Notes: Beautiful blooms on this evergreen shrub make it a staple in any garden. Will bloom and grow in the shade with moist to moderately dry soil. Once common in the Berkshires, but was dug up in the 1800s to be planted at large estates and is now classified as rare.

Rhododendron viscosum

Stickybud Azalea 
(shrub)  $39.99/$49.99
Light: sun to light shade
Size: 4-10’ tall, 3-5’ wide
Blooms: late June - July
Color: white
Culture and Notes: Abundant white flowers with a wonderful honeysuckle-clove scent can make a great impact on the garden or woodland’s edge. Glossy green leaves are deciduous and this multi-stemmed shrub prefers moist acidic soil. Threatened in New Hampshire, vulnerable in New York.


Rhus typhina

Staghorn Sumac
(tall shrub) $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 8-18’ tall, 8-15’ wide
Blooms: summer, early fall fruit
Color: yellow green, rich maroon fruit
Culture and Notes: Oh, it is not a weed! We invite you to look again at this fast growing beauty with tropical-like foliage that turns shades of deep red in autumn. Its spires of maroon fruit persist into winter when food is scarce providing forage for over 90 species of birds and woodland creatures. Perfect for a quick border or erosion control. Almost any soil will do, can be easily contained by mowing around the perimeter. A host plant for the Red-banded Hairstreak butterfly.

Rosa palustris
Swamp Rose (
shrub)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun
Size: 3-5’ tall, 3-6’ wide
Blooms: summer, fruit in late summer
Color: rose pink
Culture and Notes: Swamp rose prefers moist to wet soil with room to grow, but is fairly drought tolerant once established. Forms a dense rounded shrub with clusters of rosy flowers and small, red-orange fruits in late summer.

Rubus odoratus

Flowering Raspberry
  (shrub)  $29.99/$39.99
Light: part shade
Size: 5-7’ tall, 4-7’ wide
Blooms: midsummer flowers; late summer fruit
Color: deep rose-pink flowers; pink to light-red fruit
Culture and Notes: This thornless member of the raspberry genus looks like no other. Large, soft maple-like leaves spread beneath stunning 2” flowers of deep, rose-pink. Fruit is light red when ripe, has a slightly dry texture and sweet, vanilla–tinged flavor. Native to rocky, shaded banks, yet adapts to a wide range of soils in part shade. Does best where soils are consistently moist and well drained, hence its frequent appearance on banks. Seems to be tolerant of roadside salt spray.

Salix discolor
Pussy Willow
(shrub)  $29.99/$49.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 6-12’ tall, 4-8’ wide
Blooms: early spring
Color: silver-yellow
Culture and Notes: Silver catkins warming themselves in the March sun are a sure sign that winter’s tide has turned. Ideal soil is moist to damp; tolerates flooding.

Sambucus canadensis

(shrub)  $24.99/$49.99
Light: sun to light shade
Size: 5-10’ tall, 3-8’ wide
Blooms: early summer flowers, followed by fruit
Color: white flowers with red fruit, deepening to reddish-purple
Culture and Notes: Beautiful palm-sized flower clusters of creamy white. Birds will wait until drooping clusters of cabernet–colored berries are at the peak of ripeness before swooping down to devour. Be sure to save some for yourself, because elderberry can be used to make wine, jam, pies and cough syrup.

Sambucus racemosa
Upland Elderberry 
(shrub)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part shade
Size: 8-15’
Bloom: May flowers, July fruit
Color: white flowers, red fruit
Culture and Notes: An upright, arching shrub, taller than wide. Hummingbirds visit the creamy white flowers, which are rapidly succeeded by red fruits that attract birds. Blooms best in part shade and moist soil, but can be found in sun and on woodland edges. Great for mixed hedgerows or as a back-of-the-border plant.


Sassafras albidum

(tree)  $19.99/$39.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 30-60’ tall, 12-25’ wide
Color: scarlet, orange and yellow leaves with blue-black berries
Culture and Notes: A time-honored favorite with its two-thumbed, mitten-shaped leaves and spectacular fall color. Its spicy bark and roots are used for their restorative capabilities. A haze of chartreuse flowers in spring gives way to ripening blue-black fruit clusters advertised to migrating birds by orange-scarlet leaves in fall. Prefers moist to moderately dry soil. Host plant for the Spicebush Swallowtail butterfly.


Spiraea latifolia

(shrub)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 3-6’ tall, 3-4’ wide
Blooms: mid to late summer
Color: white
Culture and Notes: This demure shrub of meadow's edge has quickly become one of the favorites in our native seed bank. White flower spires with a pink blush are covered with pollinators for the duration of its long blooming period. Golden brown stems glow against winter’s landscape.


Spiraea tomentosa

(small shrub)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part sun
Size: 2-5’ tall, 2-5’ wide
Blooms: midsummer
Color: pink
Culture and Notes: Grows abundantly on Mt. Greylock in a stunning natural display with white birch and elderberry. This fast-growing shrub can be cut back every two years for renewed vigor and growth.  Showy flowers provide midsummer color. Prefers moist to moderately dry soil. Often grows at the meadow’s edge.

Tilia americana
Basswood (
tree)  $24.99/$39.99
Light: sun – part shade
Size: 60 – 80’ tall
Blooms: Spring
Color: creamy yellow
A stately and wide spreading tree, with the crown becoming rounded with age. It is the northernmost of the basswood species. Bees prefer this species for their fragrant blooms and produce a strongly flavored honey. It is also known as Bee Tree.

Ulmus americana
American Elm
(tree)  $19.99/$29.99
Light: Full sun
Size: 60-80' tall
Tall, vase shaped deciduous tree favored for the use along streets and as a shade tree. Grows best in full sun with moist, well-drained soils. Tolerant of air pollution and drought. Ideal for restoration projects in hope that offspring may develop resistance to Dutch Elm Disease.

Vaccinium angustifolium

Lowbush Blueberry
(small shrub)  $16.99/$29.99
Light: sun to part shade
Size: 8-24” tall, 1-3’ wide
Blooms: spring blooms with summer berries
Color: whitish-pink
Culture and Notes: The famous Maine blueberry of rocky outcrops and wind-swept woodland edges. While this low, woody groundcover can take a certain amount of shade, it will flower and berry more abundantly in the sun. Give it acid, rocky soil with good drainage and it will give you delectable summer fruits and brilliant red-orange fall foliage. Blueberries will fruit on their own, however to ensure a good fruit set, plant more than one in close proximity.


Vaccinium corymbosum
Highbush Blueberry
(shrub) $29.99/$39.99
Light: sun to light shade
Size: 6-10’ tall, 4-8’ wide
Blooms: spring, summer berries
Color: whitish-pink flowers and blue-black fruit
Culture and Notes: Whitish-pink blossoms and blue fruit add color throughout the growing season, finishing in a bright crimson fall foliage display. Red stems add interest to the winter landscape. Ideal soil is moist and acidic. Will fruit on their own, however to ensure a good fruit set, plant more than one in close proximity.

Vaccinium vitus-idaea
Mountain Cranberry
(shrub)  $19.99/$29.99             
Light: sun to part shade
Size: 6”
Blooms: late spring
Color: pale pink flowers, red edible fruit in fall
Culture and Notes: Also known by the name “lingonberry” as well as others, this lovely evergreen groundcover prefers a moist acidic soil with a little shade. Sulks in the heat.